Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Dergisi 2003 , Vol 46 , Num 3
Evaluation of the central auditory processing of children with and without speech and language problems with the adapted staggered spondaic word test
Fulya Yalçınkaya1, Erol Belgin2
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi 1Odyoloji Öğretim Görevlisi, 2Odyoloji Profesörü Central auditory processing disorders are deficits in information processing of audible stimuli with no deficits attributed to hearing or intelligence impairment. In Turkey no central auditory processing test is available for children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the central auditory processing performance in children by using the Turkish version of the Staggered Spondaic Word (SSW) test. At the SSW the child hears familiar spondaic words sequences simultaneously and in isolation and repeats them at the time of hearing. For example, "kara" is heard as a right non-competing (RNC) condition, while "kedi" and "mavi" are heard as right competing (RC) and left competing (LC) conditions, respectively. Finally, "deniz" is heard as left non-competing (LNC) in listening conditions. The test results are interpreted according to SSW norm and the corrected error percentages. In the study, the SSW was applied to 64 children in total: in 32 with speech and language problems (SLP) and in 32 with no SLP, between 83 to 153 months. When the error percentages in RNC, RC, LC and LNC conditions were compared, it was found that there was a significant difference between the two groups. However, the left ear non-competing (LNC) condition showed no significant difference between the two groups. Total right and left ear error percentages and total error percentages were compared and a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups. It was established that all children with no SLP had performances within the "normal" range in the SSW. In the group of children with SLP; 19 had "normal" SSW performances, and 13 had "abnormal" SSW performance. Five of these children were at risk for central auditory processing problems according to SSW norm. This finding suggests that the Turkish version of the SSW test can be used for identification of children who may be at risk for central auditory processing disorders. Anahtar Kelimeler : sentral işitsel işlemleme, Şaşırtmacalı Kelime Testi, konuşma ve dil gelişimi, normal, çocuk, central auditory processing, Staggered Spondaic Word Test, speech and language development, normal, child
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